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Multiculturalism in Asia$
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Will Kymlicka and Baogang He

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199277629

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199277621.001.0001

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Subjects of the Nation Without Citizenship: The Case of ‘Hill Tribes’ in Thailand

Subjects of the Nation Without Citizenship: The Case of ‘Hill Tribes’ in Thailand

Chapter:
(p.110) 5 Subjects of the Nation Without Citizenship: The Case of ‘Hill Tribes’ in Thailand
Source:
Multiculturalism in Asia
Author(s):

Mika Toyota

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199277621.003.0005

This chapter argues that the term ‘hill tribe’, used to refer to the marginal non-Tai-speaking upland population in Thailand, reflects the nature of the relationship between the state and the peripheral population. Hill tribe status has reinforced the perception that ethnic Thais are the ‘core’ of the nation-state, justified paternalism and state control of the upland population, and provided grounds for discriminating against them and denying them full Thai citizenship. Adopting the discourse of ‘indigenous rights’ is unlikely to improve this situation.

Keywords:   Thailand, hill tribes, minorities, citizenship, minority rights, nation-state

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