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What is a Just Peace?$
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Pierre Allan and Alexis Keller

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199275359

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199275351.001.0001

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Measuring International Ethics: A Moral Scale of War, Peace, Justice, and Global Care

Measuring International Ethics: A Moral Scale of War, Peace, Justice, and Global Care

Chapter:
(p.90) 5 Measuring International Ethics: A Moral Scale of War, Peace, Justice, and Global Care
Source:
What is a Just Peace?
Author(s):

Pierre Allan (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199275351.003.0005

This chapter distinguishes Just Peace from its closest ‘moral’ neighbours — a stable (but usually unjust) peace and positive peace. Drawing on both consequentialist and deontological considerations, Allan develops an international ethical scale to evaluate different acts from a moral standpoint, with different levels of conflict as the baseline of ethical behavior. The more extreme the discord, the worse it is considered on the scale; the more harmonious, the better. Arguing that absolute unhappiness (disappearance of humankind) and absolute happiness (agape-paradise) are not of this world, Allan presents eight intermediary moral situations, each being superseded by the next one in ethical terms: genocide, war, non-war, Just War, stable peace, Just Peace, positive peace, and Global Care. He develops an ethic of ‘global care’ based on feminist theories of care, religious and secular declarations on a global ethic, evolutionary theory arguments, and a critique of a liberal human rights approach.

Keywords:   justice, peace, global care, just war, stable peace, positive peace, morals, ethics, scale

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