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Democracy Beyond BordersJustice and Representation in Global Institutions$
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Andrew Kuper

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199274901

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2004

DOI: 10.1093/0199274908.001.0001

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Representation as Responsiveness

Representation as Responsiveness

(p.75) 3 Representation as Responsiveness
Democracy Beyond Borders

Andrew Kuper

Oxford University Press

Develops a theory of representation that can guide the democratization of societies of great and even global scope. Kuper elucidates the institutional conditions necessary for (1) good judgements about interests to be made, (2) by adequately informed and capable agents, (3) who are empowered and constrained to act on such judgements responsibly. He argues that elections, competitive party politics, the classical tripartite separation of powers, media, and civil society are insufficient mechanisms for securing such substantive representation. He proposes an alternative institutional configuration, a new ‘plurality of powers’ that supplements and transforms these mechanisms. Among Kuper’s proposals for new institutions are: ‘advocacy and accountability agencies’ that will reduce power imbalances; a global ‘Charter of Obligations’ that will reduce bureaucracy; and a vision of ‘responsive global citizenship’ that will reduce citizen passivity. These innovations will enable citizens to exercise greater control, and enable representatives to act more effectively, than under a system of states.

Keywords:   accountability, advocacy, bureaucracy, citizens, citizenship, civil society, elections, interests, judgement, representation, responsibility, responsiveness, separation of powers, the public, trust

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