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Hegel and Christian TheologyA Reading of the Lectures on the Philosophy of Religion$
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Peter C. Hodgson

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199273614

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0199273618.001.0001

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Christianity and the Concept of Religion

Christianity and the Concept of Religion

Chapter:
(p.75) 4 Christianity and the Concept of Religion
Source:
Hegel and Christian Theology
Author(s):

Peter C. Hodgson (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199273618.003.0004

Hegel in his lectures first sets forth a philosophical definition of the concept of religion, then traces the development of the concept in the various determinate religions of humanity, and finally finds the consummation of the concept in the Christian religion. The concept of religion can be approached both empirically and phenomenologically. When the latter takes on speculative form it grasps religion as the self-consciousness of absolute spirit mediated in and through finite consciousness: religion is both a divine and a human action. This truth appears partially in the historical religions and completely in Christianity, which is described by Hegel as the consummate or absolute religion, the revelatory and revealed religion, and the religion of truth, freedom, and reconciliation. The chapter examines Hegel’s speculative redescription of the Christian metanarrative and asks whether his claims on behalf of this religion are excessive, heterodox, and/or heretical.

Keywords:   concept, concept of religion, empiricism, phenomenology, speculation, Christianity, consummation, absolute, revelation

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