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How Things Might Have BeenIndividuals, Kinds, and Essential Properties$
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Penelope Mackie

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199272204

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199272204.001.0001

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Sortal Concepts and Essential Properties I: Substance Sortals and Essential Sortals

Sortal Concepts and Essential Properties I: Substance Sortals and Essential Sortals

Chapter:
(p.118) 7 Sortal Concepts and Essential Properties I: Substance Sortals and Essential Sortals
Source:
How Things Might Have Been
Author(s):

Penelope Mackie (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199272204.003.0007

This chapter examines versions of so-called ‘sortal essentialism’. This is the view that some sortal concepts (roughly, concepts that provide criteria of identity or principles of individuation) represent essential properties of the things to which they apply. This chapter argues against Baruch Brody’s version of sortal essentialism, which appeals to a version of an ‘overlap requirement’ on de re possibilities, in order to argue that substance sortals — sortal concepts that must apply to an object throughout its existence if they apply to it at all — are essential sortals.

Keywords:   Brody, criterion of identity, essential properties, essential sortal, overlap requirement, sortal concept, sortal essentialism, substance sortal

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