Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Inequality
Growth
and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Giovanni Andrea Cornia

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199271412

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2004

DOI: 10.1093/0199271410.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 20 October 2019

Increased Income Inequality in OECD Countries and the Redistributive Impact of the Government Budget

Increased Income Inequality in OECD Countries and the Redistributive Impact of the Government Budget

Chapter:
(p.221) 9 Increased Income Inequality in OECD Countries and the Redistributive Impact of the Government Budget
Source:
Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization
Author(s):

Anthony B. Atkinson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199271410.003.0009

The recent rise in inequality in the distribution of disposable income in many, although not all, countries has led to a search for explanations, particularly since for much of the postwar period falling income inequality has been the norm. In the OECD countries, on which this chapter concentrates, the cause has been identified as rising wage dispersion, coupled with persistent unemployment in Europe. However, a number of factors need to be brought into any explanation of the extent and timing of changes in income distribution, including movements in factor shares, changes in real interest rates, and the impact of the government budget. This chapter focusses on the last of these. It has five sections: Introduction; Redistributive Impact of the Government Budget in selected OECD countries—a review of the statistical evidence from five OECD countries where a time series of studies covering the 1980s and the 1990s is available (UK, Canada, West Germany, Finland, Sweden; The Government Budget in Principle and Policy Reaction to Demographic Shifts—a simple framework within which the distributional implications of different government policy responses to changes in economic conditions and the different elements influencing the choice of response are explored; Policy Changes in Redistributive Taxes and Transfers: Case Studies of Unemployment Benefit and Personal Taxation—in the five European countries already studied, and in the US; and Summary of Conclusions.

Keywords:   Canada, demography, economic conditions, Europe, Finland, government budget, government policy, income distribution, income inequality, inequality, OECD, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Personal Taxation, Policy Changes, redistribution, Redistributive Taxes, Sweden, Taxes, Taxes and Transfers, unemployment, Unemployment Benefit, UK, US, wage dispersion, West Germany

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .