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Inequality
Growth
and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization$
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Giovanni Andrea Cornia

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199271412

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2004

DOI: 10.1093/0199271410.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 16 September 2019

The Impact of Adjustment-Related Social Funds on Income Distribution and Poverty

The Impact of Adjustment-Related Social Funds on Income Distribution and Poverty

Chapter:
(p.271) 11 The Impact of Adjustment-Related Social Funds on Income Distribution and Poverty
Source:
Inequality Growth and Poverty in an Era of Liberalization and Globalization
Author(s):

Giovanni Andrea Cornia

Sanjay G. Reddy

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199271410.003.0011

Most poverty and income inequality has deep‐rooted causes that can be removed only by structural (and often slow) interventions, although it is now increasingly evident that structural adjustment, premature financial liberalization, and uncontrolled globalization can exacerbate poverty by inducing protracted recessions and macroeconomic instability. One of the dominant responses to these policy‐induced problems has been the establishment of temporary social safety nets, of which the most popular type is known as ‘social funds’; these have become a prime policy choice for offsetting the social impact of policy reform. This chapter assesses the performance of social funds, arguing that have played a minor role in containing the social costs arising from liberalization policies and in reducing the number of unemployed, ‘adjustment poor’, and ‘chronic poor’. In addition, the emphasis placed on short‐term social funds may have diverted resources and the attention of policy‐makers from the extension and reform of standing social security arrangements that may more effectively address both chronic and adjustment‐induced poverty. The six sections of the chapter are: Introduction; The Historical Context Leading to the Mass Introduction of Social Funds; Adjustment‐Related Social Funds: Scale, Scope, and Structure; Effects on Incomes, Income Distribution, and Poverty: Macroperspective; Effects on Incomes, Income Distribution, and Poverty: Microperspectives; and Conclusions and Recommendations.

Keywords:   adjustment‐induced poverty, Adjustment‐Related Social Funds, financial liberalization, globalization, Income Distribution, income inequality, inequality, liberalization, poverty, social funds, social policy, social safety nets, social security, structural adjustment, unemployment

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