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Protestant Theology and the Making of the Modern German University$
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Thomas Albert Howard

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780199266852

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199266859.001.0001

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(p.1) 1 Introduction
Protestant Theology and the Making of the Modern German University

Thomas Albert Howard (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This introductory chapter begins with a brief description of the shake-up of educational institutions throughout Europe in the early 19th century. The objectives of this study are then presented followed by a discussion of German university development and theology. It is argued that the Prussian state in general, and its policies towards the church and university in particular, were of great consequence for the operations of theological faculties and the shaping of Protestant academic theology. By promoting confessional harmony, emphasizing critical scholarship over apologetics, standardizing and mandating state-run accrediting procedures, and maintaining a firm grip on hiring procedures, the state managed to exercise tremendous influence over the religious sphere in society.

Keywords:   Europe, Prussia, theological faculty

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