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The United States and Western Europe Since 1945From "Empire" by Invitation to Transatlantic Drift$
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Geir Lundestad

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199266685

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2004

DOI: 10.1093/0199266689.001.0001

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De Gaulle's Challenge to America's Hegemony, 1962–1969

De Gaulle's Challenge to America's Hegemony, 1962–1969

(p.111) 4 De Gaulle's Challenge to America's Hegemony, 1962–1969
The United States and Western Europe Since 1945

Geir Lundestad

Oxford University Press

The whole of this chapter is devoted to various aspects of de Gaulle's (and France's) challenge to US hegemony in the years 1962–1969. The account starts in 1962, rather than in 1958 when the general first came to power, because Washington was initially quite favourable towards de Gaulle. The first two sections of the chapter discuss this first period of transition, and examine the relationship between France and the US before 1962. The third section looks at the crisis years in the American–French relationship between 1962 and 1967, and includes discussion of the increased closeness of France and Germany and the Franco‐German treaty of 1963, and of de Gaulle's attitude to Britain's membership of the EEC—which was seen by the US as a very important element in strengthening the Atlantic framework. The fourth section discusses the US economy in relation to that of France, Germany, and the EEC, and the last one the final years of the de Gaulle regime.

Keywords:   American–French relations, American–Western European relations, Britain's membership of the EEC, de Gaulle, EEC, European economy, France, Franco‐German treaty, French economy, German economy, Germany, US, US economy

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