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The United States and Western Europe Since 1945From "Empire" by Invitation to Transatlantic Drift$
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Geir Lundestad

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199266685

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2004

DOI: 10.1093/0199266689.001.0001

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Cooperation Established: “Empire” by Invitation, 1945–1950

Cooperation Established: “Empire” by Invitation, 1945–1950

(p.27) 2 Cooperation Established: “Empire” by Invitation, 1945–1950
The United States and Western Europe Since 1945

Geir Lundestad

Oxford University Press

Discusses the progressive cooperation established between the US and Western Europe in the period 1945–1950. The first section looks at America's position of strength in 1945, at the end of the Second World War, and the view of the US that its task was now to save the world from totalitarianism, in a mixture of self‐interest, idealism, and concern for others. The second section, ‘The United States, the World, and Western Europe’, describes Roosevelt's ambition to establish a global system based on American‐inspired principles in the context of the more regional approach that it had to adopt as regards the UN, the IMF, ITO, and GATT. The third, ‘The United States, Germany, and the Beginnings of European Integration’, looks at how Washington promoted European integration. The fourth and fifth sections discuss the economic and political aspects, and the military aspects, of the author's Western Europe as American ‘“Empire” by invitation’ thesis. The last two sections of the chapter look at the European invitations to the US to be more involved in Europe from the perspectives of the state of public opinion in Europe, and of the effect on US foreign policy.

Keywords:   American foreign policy, American involvement in Europe, American–Western European relations, cooperation, empire by invitation, European integration, history, public opinion, totalitarianism, United States, Western Europe

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