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The Northern Ireland ConflictConsociational Engagements$
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John McGarry and Brendan O'Leary

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199266579

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2004

DOI: 10.1093/0199266573.001.0001

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‘Democracy’ in Northern Ireland: Experiments in Self-rule from the Protestant Ascendancy to the Good Friday Agreement

‘Democracy’ in Northern Ireland: Experiments in Self-rule from the Protestant Ascendancy to the Good Friday Agreement

Chapter:
(p.323) 11 ‘Democracy’ in Northern Ireland: Experiments in Self-rule from the Protestant Ascendancy to the Good Friday Agreement
Source:
The Northern Ireland Conflict
Author(s):

John McGarry (Contributor Webpage)

Brendan O'Leary (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199266573.003.0011

Pierre van den Berghe has argued that democracy in divided societies can take five different forms: Herrenvolk democracy, ethnic democracy, liberal democracy, multicultural democracy, and consociational democracy. This chapter argues that each of these five ostensible versions of democracy, or relatives of them, has been experimented with in pre-partition Ireland and Northern Ireland. While all have clear limits, the one that is most suited to Northern Ireland's conditions is consociational democracy. The chapter discusses some limits of the consociational approach, but also defends it against common criticisms.

Keywords:   consociational democracy, Herrenvolk democracy, ethnic democracy, liberal democracy, multicultural democracy

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