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The Economics of Child Labour$
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Alessandro Cigno and Furio Camillo Rosati

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199264452

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0199264457.001.0001

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Fertility, Infant Mortality, and Gender

Fertility, Infant Mortality, and Gender

Chapter:
(p.51) 3 Fertility, Infant Mortality, and Gender
Source:
The Economics of Child Labour
Author(s):

Alessandro Cigno

Furio Camillo Rosati

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199264457.003.0004

Decisions concerning birth control, and expenditure on pre-school children, take into account what will be done with these children if they survive to school age. Depending on whether it crowds-in or crowds-out parental expenditure on pre-school children’s nutrition and medical care, public expenditure on sanitation, preventive medicine, and the like can have a large or a small effect on infant mortality. Fertility tends to decrease as a woman’s bargaining power increases. Dowries, the education of girls, and the sexual division of labour are explained within the same theoretical framework.

Keywords:   birth control, dowries, education of women, infant mortality, sexual division of labour, survival-enhancing policies

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