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Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World$
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Judith Lieu

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199262892

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0199262896.001.0001

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Embodiment and Gender

Embodiment and Gender

(p.178) 6 Embodiment and Gender
Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World

Judith Lieu (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The construction of masculinity and of woman as ‘the other’ are integral to an idealized self-identity in the ancient world. These take a distinctive form in Jewish writings when combined with Biblical images of sexual immorality and anxieties about intermarriage. Despite the emphasis on the body in the incarnation, many early Christian writings continue this pattern, combined with Graeco-Roman anxieties about the body. Although some have found traces of a greater egalitarianism in early Christianity, a developing ascetical tradition reflects a conviction of the importance of the body as a site of identity but a widespread ambiguity about its expression.

Keywords:   asceticism, body, effeminacy, egalitarianism, Foucault, gender, immorality, marriage, masculinity, women

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