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Democracy and Public Management ReformBuilding the Republican State$
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Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199261185

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2004

DOI: 10.1093/0199261180.001.0001

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The Republican State

The Republican State

Chapter:
(p.115) 10 The Republican State
Source:
Democracy and Public Management Reform
Author(s):

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199261180.003.0011

The social-democratic state existing in advanced democracies is gradually changing into a republican state. The ultra-liberal wave failed because modern societies need a strong, not a weak, state. A republican state is strong enough to protect itself and the public patrimony from private capture. Its strength originates in governments’ political legitimacy, in the active participation of citizens organized in civil society, in a dense public space where social accountability and public debate take place, and on the existence of politicians and civil servants endowed with republican virtues. The republican state that is emerging is fiscally strong because it limits its debts, it is administratively strong because it is engaged in public management reform, and it is politically strong because citizens, politicians, and civil servants know that the principles ruling politics are not the same that rule markets: besides the private, the public interest must be taken into consideration. Undertakes a short survey of the literature on republicanism to substantiate these claims.

Keywords:   costs of rights, legitimacy, negative liberties, participation, patriotism, positive liberties, public interest, republican state, republicanism, strong state, virtue

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