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Changing Governance of Local EconomiesResponses of European Local Production Systems$
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Colin Crouch, Patrick Le Galès, Carlo Trigilia, and Helmut Voelzkow

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780199259403

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199259402.001.0001

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Machine Tools in France: A Century of Failure to Build a Competitive Industry

Machine Tools in France: A Century of Failure to Build a Competitive Industry

(p.99) 6 Machine Tools in France: A Century of Failure to Build a Competitive Industry
Changing Governance of Local Economies

Patrick Le GalÈs

Nicolas> Gaubert

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines the machine-tool industry in France. It analyses the governance of the industry, and emphasizes the interdependence between the sector, other industrial sectors, and the state, which led to its collapse. Firms were reorganized following market-modes of regulation and using local collective competition goods (LCCGs) by machine tool firms from Japan, Italy, and Germany. The recovery of the industry shows the success of this strategy; the dependence on the success of leading French industries; the absence of clustering processes; and the attempt to develop the production of LCCGs organized by business leaders and public agencies.

Keywords:   France, machine-tool industry, LCCGs, SMEs, governance, sectoral analysis

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