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Mixed-Member Electoral SystemsThe Best of Both Worlds?$
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Matthew Soberg Shugart and Martin P. Wattenberg

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199257683

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/019925768X.001.0001

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An Initial Assessment of the Consequences of MMP in New Zealand

An Initial Assessment of the Consequences of MMP in New Zealand

Chapter:
(p.297) 14 An Initial Assessment of the Consequences of MMP in New Zealand
Source:
Mixed-Member Electoral Systems
Author(s):

Fiona Barker

Jonathan Boston

Stephen Levine

Elizabeth McLeay

Nigel S. Roberts

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/019925768X.003.0015

The purpose is to provide an initial assessment of the impact of the introduction of the mixed‐member proportional (MMP) electoral system on the New Zealand political system, especially with regard to the normative criteria established by the New Zealand Royal Commission on the Electoral System. However, since the normative nature of these criteria may limit the breadth of any analysis (they are not necessarily comprehensive and unambiguous, nor do they provide a watertight framework for evaluation), this particular discussion of the impact of MMP on the New Zealand political system is left until the last section. The bulk of the chapter instead employs the findings of political scientists on the relationships between electoral systems, political behavior, and political institutions. These are presented in 10 sections: Anticipating the New Electoral System; The Election and Government Formation; The Political Parties and the Party System; Political Recruitment and Careers; Voting Behavior; Parliament; Government Transition and Durability; Government and the Policy Process; The Future of the New Electoral System; and Winners and Losers. The authors make the point that (as in Germany) personalized geographic representation has continued even as the overall system has been made more proportional.

Keywords:   electoral reform, electoral systems, government, mixed‐member electoral systems, mixed‐member proportional systems, New Zealand, parliament, party system, policy process, political behavior, political careers, political institutions, political parties, political recruitment, political systems, voting behavior

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