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The Politics of Electoral Systems$
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Michael Gallagher and Paul Mitchell

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199257560

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199257566.001.0001

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France: Stacking the Deck

France: Stacking the Deck

Chapter:
(p.119) 6 France: Stacking the Deck
Source:
The Politics of Electoral Systems
Author(s):

Robert Elgie (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199257566.003.0006

France has experienced considerable electoral system change, often for partisan motives, but has invariably returned to the two-round system (also known as the double ballot system) in single-member constituencies. This electoral system is one of the factors responsible for France’s current party system, which for most of the past fifty years has been characterised by centripetal left-right competition, with a wide range of parties, most of which are part of loose alliances. Far-right and Communist parties are highly under-represented in parliament under the two-round electoral system, and overall disproportionality is high. The Fifth Republic has seen the emergence of majoritarianism.

Keywords:   French politics, two-round system, double ballot system, disproportionality, party system

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