- Title Pages
- <i>List of Tables</i>
- <i>List of Figures</i>
- <i>Notes on Contributors</i>
- 1 Introduction to Electoral Systems
- 2 Comparative Electoral Systems Research: The Maturation of a Field and New Challenges Ahead
- 3 Why Are There So Many (or So Few) Electoral Reforms?
- 4 Australia: The Alternative Vote in a Compliant Political Culture
- 5 Canada: Sticking to First‐Past‐the‐Post, for the Time Being
- 6 France: Stacking the Deck
- 7 India: Two‐Party Contests within a Multiparty System
- 8 The United Kingdom: Plurality Rule Under Siege
- 9 The United States of America: Perpetual Campaigning in the Absence of Competition
- 10 Germany: Stability and Strategy in a Mixed‐Member Proportional System
- 11 Hungary: Holding Back the Tiers
- 12 Italy: A Case of Fragmented Bipolarism
- 13 Japan: Haltingly Towards a Two‐Party System
- 14 New Zealand: The Consolidation of Reform?
- 15 Russia: The Authoritarian Adaptation of an Electoral System
- 16 Israel: The Politics of an Extreme Electoral System
- 17 South Africa: One Party Dominance Despite Perfect Proportionality
- 18 Spain: Proportional Representation with Majoritarian Outcomes
- 19 Austria: A Complex Electoral System with Subtle Effects
- 20 Belgium: Empowering Voters or Party Elites?
- 21 Chile: The Unexpected (and Expected) Consequences of Electoral Engineering
- 22 Denmark: Simplicity Embedded in Complexity (or is it the Other Way Round)?
- Chapter 23 <b>Finland: One Hundred Years of Quietude</b>
- 24 The Netherlands: The Sanctity of Proportionality
- 25 Ireland: The Discreet Charm of PR‐STV
- 26 Conclusion
- Appendix A The mechanics of electoral systems
- Indices of fragmentation and disproportionality
- Appendix C Effective threshold and effective magnitude
- Appendix D Values of Indices for 22 Countries at Most Recent Election
- Appendix E Websites related to elections, election results, and electoral systems
France: Stacking the Deck
France: Stacking the Deck
- (p.119) 6 France: Stacking the Deck
- The Politics of Electoral Systems
Robert Elgie (Contributor Webpage)
- Oxford University Press
France has experienced considerable electoral system change, often for partisan motives, but has invariably returned to the two-round system (also known as the double ballot system) in single-member constituencies. This electoral system is one of the factors responsible for France’s current party system, which for most of the past fifty years has been characterised by centripetal left-right competition, with a wide range of parties, most of which are part of loose alliances. Far-right and Communist parties are highly under-represented in parliament under the two-round electoral system, and overall disproportionality is high. The Fifth Republic has seen the emergence of majoritarianism.
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