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The Politics of Electoral Systems$
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Michael Gallagher and Paul Mitchell

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199257560

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199257566.001.0001

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Belgium: Empowering Voters or Party Elites?

Belgium: Empowering Voters or Party Elites?

Chapter:
(p.417) 20 Belgium: Empowering Voters or Party Elites?
Source:
The Politics of Electoral Systems
Author(s):

Lieven De Winter

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199257566.003.0020

Belgium’s list PR system was reformed to enhance voters’ influence over which party candidates are elected. Belgium’s extreme party fragmentation (the largest party has only 15 per cent) has been curtailed by the introduction of a 5 per cent threshold. A consequence of this has been a dramatic increase in disproportionality.

Keywords:   list PR, federalism, preference votes, fragmentation

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