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The Politics of Electoral Systems$
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Michael Gallagher and Paul Mitchell

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199257560

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2006

DOI: 10.1093/0199257566.001.0001

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Russia: The Authoritarian Adaptation of an Electoral System

Russia: The Authoritarian Adaptation of an Electoral System

Chapter:
(p.313) 15 Russia: The Authoritarian Adaptation of an Electoral System
Source:
The Politics of Electoral Systems
Author(s):

Steven White

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199257566.003.0015

Russia’s mixed parallel system was adopted after the collapse of communism, following a series of negotiations and disagreements between parliament and president. The high thresholds applied in the PR-list component of elections resulted in considerable disproportionality and a significant number of votes cast for parties that failed to reach the threshold. The fact that the lists were closed led to very weak links between list MPs and citizens. The single-member constituencies, contrary to the predictions of Duverger’s Law, have not favoured the larger parties, but have seen the election of many independent MPs. The elimination of the single-member constituencies proposed by president Putin is part of a broader authoritarian adaptation of the electoral process.

Keywords:   Russian politics, Putin, authoritarianism, thresholds, mixed system, Duverger’s Law, independent MPs

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