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The State of the European Union, 6Law, Politics, and Society$
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Tanja A. Börzel and Rachel A. Cichowski

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199257409

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2004

DOI: 10.1093/019925740X.001.0001

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New Modes of Governance in Europe: Increasing Political Capacity and Policy Effectiveness?

New Modes of Governance in Europe: Increasing Political Capacity and Policy Effectiveness?

(p.105) 5 New Modes of Governance in Europe: Increasing Political Capacity and Policy Effectiveness?
The State of the European Union, 6

Adrienne Héritier

Oxford University Press

Explores the efficiency and effectiveness of new modes of European governance that are not based on legislation and include private actors in policy formulation. Focusses on the emergence, functioning, and impact of these new modes of governance, which include the open method of co‐ordination, voluntary accords, and regulatory fora. Héritier answers important theoretical and normative questions by identifying when and how new modes of governance become institutionalized, as well as specifying conditions under which new modes of governance offer improved policy performance. The general aim of the chapter is to raise the various issues regarding the new modes of governance, and the general question is posed as to why these new modes have become more popular among policy makers, arguing that this is because the new modes are putatively considered to have greater political capacity and policy effectiveness. Based on political transaction cost theory, principal‐agent theory, and political science policy analysis, claims are developed regarding the political institutional capacity as well as the instrumental policy effectiveness of the new modes of governance in different policy areas; these general claims are then explored against the background of four empirical cases in different policy areas, and the general insights gained are used to modify and refine the original claims.

Keywords:   EU policy‐making, European governance, EU, governance, institutionalization, modes of governance, new modes of governance, open method of co‐ordination, policy effectiveness, policy making, policy performance, political capacity, regulatory fora, voluntary accords

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