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Gender Justice, Development, and Rights$
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Maxine Molyneux and Shahra Razavi

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199256457

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0199256454.001.0001

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The Politics Of Gender, Ethnicity, and Democratization In Malaysia: Shifting Interests and Identities

The Politics Of Gender, Ethnicity, and Democratization In Malaysia: Shifting Interests and Identities

Chapter:
(p.347) 11 The Politics Of Gender, Ethnicity, and Democratization In Malaysia: Shifting Interests and Identities
Source:
Gender Justice, Development, and Rights
Author(s):

Maznah Mohamad

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199256454.003.0011

This chapter explores the three phases of political development in Malaysia, and the changing features of women’s movements as they interface with the politics of ethnicity and democratisation. Gender politics evolved by taking three main facets: political sponsorship, political division, and political inclusion. It is argued that under Malaysia’s current phase of political reconstruction, conflicting gender interests are at risk for being coalesced as ethnic identities and interests are being de-emphasized. However, this process can only be sustained if autonomous feminist movements can withstand pressures to succumb to the agendas of opposition and ruling political parties that exploit the gender discourse for their legitimacy.

Keywords:   political development, Malaysia, women’s movement, feminism, political sponsorship, gender inclusion, ethnicity, democratisation

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