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Aristotle's De InterpretationeContradiction and Dialectic$
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C. W. A. Whitaker

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199254194

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199254192.001.0001

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Chapter 7: The First Exception to RCP; Singular and Universal Assertions

Chapter 7: The First Exception to RCP; Singular and Universal Assertions

Chapter:
(p.83) 7 Chapter 7: The First Exception to RCP; Singular and Universal Assertions
Source:
Aristotle's De Interpretatione
Author(s):

C. W. A. Whitaker

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199254192.003.0008

Aristotle now begins his investigation of contradictory pairs of assertions. ’Things’ are now divided into two types, universal and singular. Assertions may be divided likewise, and it is found that ’non‐universal assertions about universals’ (such as ’Man is pale’) do not necessarily obey the Rule of Contradictory Pairs (RCP) stating that one member of a contradictory pair is true and the other false (since the universal man is both pale and not pale, both ’Man is pale’ and ’Man is not pale’ are true). This chapter is closely allied to dialectic, in which the establishment of non‐universal statements about universals is of great importance, occupying books IV, V and VI of the Topics.

Keywords:   Aristotle, assertion, contradictory, De Interpretatione, dialectic, rule of contradictory pairs, singular, Topics, universal

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