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Transitions from Education to Work in EuropeThe Integration of Youth into EU Labour Markets$
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Walter Müller and Markus Gangl

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199252473

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0199252475.001.0001

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Young people and new entrants in European labour markets: the timing of gradual integration

Young people and new entrants in European labour markets: the timing of gradual integration

(p.63) 3 Young people and new entrants in European labour markets: the timing of gradual integration
Transitions from Education to Work in Europe

Thomas Couppié

Michèle Mansuy

Oxford University Press

An introduction to the main patterns and labour market outcomes characterizing the school-to-work transition in European Union countries. It presents the various rhythms of transition and the specific transitory intermediate statuses that may occur in the process. Among a large range of profiles, two extreme ones can be identified, opposing on the one hand countries (Denmark, Austria, Germany, and the Netherlands) that share early labour market entry related to high proportions of young people combining training and working and low unemployment and, on the other hand, southern countries that share high levels of youth unemployment and absence of double status positions. A second approach focuses on the necessity to shift from a youth perspective based on biological age to a seniority perspective based on labour market experience, in order to really understand labour market entry in comparative analysis. It leads to picture new entrants as relatively disadvantaged and/or unsettled workers on the labour market in comparison with more experienced workers.

Keywords:   age, combining training and working, double status, european Union, labour market entry, labour market mobility, new entrants, school leavers, school-to-work transition, work experience, youth unemployment

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