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Linking EU and National Governance$
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Beate Kohler-Koch

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199252268

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2004

DOI: 10.1093/0199252262.001.0001

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National Systems' Adaptation to the EU System: Trends, Offers, and Constraints

National Systems' Adaptation to the EU System: Trends, Offers, and Constraints

(p.53) 4 National Systems' Adaptation to the EU System: Trends, Offers, and Constraints
Linking EU and National Governance

Andreas Maurer

Jürgen Mittag

Wolfgang Wessels

Oxford University Press

Chapter 4 considers the European Union as a system of multi-level governance and a central arena for transnational co-operation and supranational problem solving, where institutions at different levels regulate policies with a wide range of instruments and procedures on an expanding scope of policy fields. The dynamic evolution of new and refined treaty provisions has lead (a) to an ever increasing set of communitarized frameworks for policy-making, (b) to sectoral differentiation concerning an increasing variety of policy fields, (c) to institutional differentiation with regard to the variety of interaction styles, and (d) to procedural differetiation, which increases the need of national actors to improve their procedural skills. The chapter’s puzzle is how Europeanization works within the member states, i.e. how institutional actors in differentnational settings coined by different national traditions adapt to commonchallenges, constraints and opportunities, for which they are mainly responsible themselves. The article scrutinizes different national institutions (governments and administrations, parliaments, regions, courts) to see how they cope with the challenges of the integration process and comes to the conclusion that adaptation occurs in many ways but has not, so far, produced fundamental change.

Keywords:   multi-level governance, supranational problem-solving, differentiation, Europeanization, national system adaptation, institutional change

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