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Perception and Reason

Bill Brewer


Discusses the role of conscious experiences in the acquisition of empirical knowledge. Most epistemology of perception takes a person's possession of beliefs about the mind‐independent world for granted and goes on to ask what further conditions these beliefs must meet if they are to be cases of knowledge. I argue that this approach is completely mistaken. Perceptual experiences must provide reasons for empirical beliefs if there are to be any determinate beliefs about particular objects in the world at all. So there are epistemic requirements upon the very possibility of empirical belief. The ... More

Keywords: Brewer, empirical belief, empirical knowledge, epistemology, externalism, perception, perceptual content, perceptual experience, philosophy, philosophy of mind, reason, self‐awareness, self‐knowledge

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2002 Print ISBN-13: 9780199250455
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003 DOI:10.1093/0199250456.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Bill Brewer, author
St Catherine's College, Oxford
Author Webpage