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The European Union and the Promotion of DemocracyEurope's Mediterranean and Asian Policies$
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Richard Youngs

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199249794

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199249792.001.0001

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EU Democracy Promotion Instruments: Evolution and Shortcomings

EU Democracy Promotion Instruments: Evolution and Shortcomings

(p.28) 2 EU Democracy Promotion Instruments: Evolution and Shortcomings
The European Union and the Promotion of Democracy

Richard Youngs

Oxford University Press

This chapter outlines the nature of the instruments introduced by the EU pursuant to the democracy promotion commitment and examines the shortcomings and lacuna that remained in the range of policy tools available. The chapter describes the EU's new democracy aid provisions, its instruments of political conditionality, and the democracy‐related initiatives of the EU's Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). Different theories of integration are explored in relation to the development of the EU's presence as an international actor.

Keywords:   Common Foreign and Security Policy, democracy aid, democracy promotion, European Union, integration, policy tools, political conditionality

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