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Varieties of CapitalismThe Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage$
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Peter A. Hall and David Soskice

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199247752

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199247757.001.0001

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Firms and the Welfare State: When, Why, and How Does Social Policy Matter to Employers?

Firms and the Welfare State: When, Why, and How Does Social Policy Matter to Employers?

Chapter:
(p.184) 5 Firms and the Welfare State: When, Why, and How Does Social Policy Matter to Employers?
Source:
Varieties of Capitalism
Author(s):

Isabela Mares

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199247757.003.0005

When and why have employers supported the development of institutions of social insurance that provide benefits to workers for various employment‐related risks in the areas of unemployment insurance, accident insurance, and early retirement? This paper challenges the dominant explanations of welfare state development premised on the assumption of business opposition to social insurance. It examines the conditions under which firms support the introduction of a new social policy and specifies the most important variables explaining the variation in the social policy preferences of employers. The model is tested in three episodes of social policy development in Germany, relying on a collection of archival sources and policy documents submitted by business associations to bureaucratic and parliamentary commissions.

Keywords:   accident insurance, business associations, early retirement, Germany, social insurance, social policy, unemployment insurance

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