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The Quality of Freedom$
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Matthew H. Kramer

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780199247561

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0199247560.001.0001

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Sources of Unfreedom

Sources of Unfreedom

(p.272) 4 Sources of Unfreedom
The Quality of Freedom

H. Matthew Kramer

Oxford University Press

The U Postulate, which specifies the necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of any particular unfreedom, requires us to distinguish between the constraints on the freedom of any person P that are due partly to other people's actions and the constraints on the freedom of P that are due solely to natural forces and to P's own conduct. One's fleshing out of that basic distinction must consist in the elaboration of criteria that will enable the attribution of causal responsibility for freedom-impairing states of affairs. Those criteria separate unfreedoms from mere inabilities, and thereby significantly influence one's calculations of people's levels of overall liberty. Comes up with a comprehensively applicable test for the ascription of causal responsibility.

Keywords:   act/omission distinction, causation, freedom, liberty, natural inabilities, omissions, unfreedom

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