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The Church in Ancient SocietyFrom Galilee to Gregory the Great$
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Henry Chadwick

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199246953

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199246955.001.0001

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(p.89) 11 Marcion
The Church in Ancient Society

Henry Chadwick

Oxford University Press

Marcion, a shipmaster from Pontus on the Black Sea, in about 140 proclaimed a radical distinction between the law and the gospel, putting a negative interpretation on the Old Testament and its God. His partly Gnostic ideas involved revulsion at the physical world and the total depravity of humankind. The negative reaction to Marcion's ideas in the Church caused him to develop an even sharper distinction between the old and the new, giving all the Old Testament references in the gospels and Paul a negative significance.

Keywords:   gnosticism, Marcion

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