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The UNHCR and World PoliticsA Perilous Path$
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Gil Loescher

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199246915

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199246912.001.0001

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The Post‐Cold War Era and the UNHCR Under Sadako Ogata

The Post‐Cold War Era and the UNHCR Under Sadako Ogata

(p.272) 9 The Post‐Cold War Era and the UNHCR Under Sadako Ogata
The UNHCR and World Politics

Gil Loescher (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The 1990s ushered in a new era in which humanitarian issues played a historically unprecedented role in international politics. Refugee movements in northern Iraq, Somalia, former Yugoslavia, and Haiti were the subject of increasing discussion in political and military fora such as the UN Security Council and NATO. Forced displacements were also at the centre of crises in the African Great Lakes region, the Caucasus, Central Asia, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Albania, Kosovo, and East Timor. The eighth High Commissioner, Sadako Ogata, initiated changes within UNHCR that permitted it to respond to internal displacements in ongoing civil wars as well as to promote mass repatriation movements to countries of origin in Central America, Southeast Asia, and Africa. These events have significant implications for the protection of refugees and for the future of humanitarianism.

Keywords:   civil wars, countries of origin, forced displacement, humanitarianism, internal displacement, NATO, refugee protection, repatriation, Sadako Ogata, UN Security Council

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