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The Architecture of DemocracyConstitutional Design, Conflict Management, and Democracy$
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Andrew Reynolds

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199246465

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199246467.001.0001

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Institutions and Coalition Building in Post‐Communist Transitions

Institutions and Coalition Building in Post‐Communist Transitions

Chapter:
(p.55) 3 Institutions and Coalition Building in Post‐Communist Transitions
Source:
The Architecture of Democracy
Author(s):

Olga Shvetsova

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199246467.003.0004

In the ten years of post‐communist transition, the countries of Eastern and Central Europe have passed through several election cycles, providing new evidence of the influence of formal political institutions on transition dynamics. This chapter examines the transitional development of their party systems as a function of institutional choices. Focusing on party systems, it identifies the process of coalition formation as the transmission mechanism by which institutions influence political consolidation at this stage. It addresses the transitional influence of combinations of majoritarian and power‐sharing institutions, suggesting that their interactive effect may undermine or weaken the incentives for party‐building that each of them can separately provide. The article provides supporting evidence from Poland and Romania.

Keywords:   coalition politics, democratization, Poland, power‐sharing, Romania

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