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Archetypal HeresyArianism Through the Centuries$
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Maurice Wiles

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199245918

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199245916.001.0001

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The Rise and Fall of British Arianism

The Rise and Fall of British Arianism

(p.62) 4 The Rise and Fall of British Arianism
Archetypal Heresy

Maurice Wiles

Oxford University Press

Looks briefly at anti‐Trinitarian tendencies in sixteenth‐ and seventeenth‐century Britain (with special attention to Ralph Cudworth and John Locke), but concentrates on the eighteenth century, when Arianism was a significant feature of the ecclesiastical scene, especially among leading intellectual figures both in the Church of England and among the Presbyterian churches. Detailed studies of the theologies of Isaac Newton, William Whiston, and Samuel Clarke. Traces the collapse of this Arian‐style anti‐Trinitarianism in the Church of England and the tendency of heterodox dissenters, such as Joseph Priestley, to adopt a Unitarian view. Suggests that the diminishing acceptance in the wider culture of belief in a transcendental spirit world was an important factor in that tendency, leading to a third death of Arianism.

Keywords:   Clarke, Cudworth, Locke, Newton, Presbyterian, Priestley, spirit world, Unitarian, Whiston

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