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EpictetusA Stoic and Socratic Guide to Life$
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A. A. Long

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199245567

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199245568.001.0001

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Natures: Divine, Human, Animal

Natures: Divine, Human, Animal

(p.142) Chapter 6 Natures: Divine, Human, Animal

A. A. Long (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Rather than expounding Stoic cosmology, Epictetus offers a strikingly personalist conception of God. His focus on divine providence echoes Socrates. Human kinship to God, and the internal divinity constituted by human rationality, are the principal themes of his theology (ideas that strongly echo Plato). Epictetus presents the normative human condition as a process that starts at the merely animal level and ends with achieving independence from the body and self‐conscious understanding of divine providence.

Keywords:   cosmology, divine providence, Epictetus, God, internal divinity, personalism, Plato, rationality, Stoicism

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