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EpictetusA Stoic and Socratic Guide to Life$
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A. A. Long

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780199245567

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199245568.001.0001

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Philosophy and Pedagogy

Philosophy and Pedagogy

(p.97) Chapter 4 Philosophy and Pedagogy

A. A. Long (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

Epictetus’ philosophy combines rationality, empiricism, and eudaimonism. He refutes scepticism by arguing that this stance involves self‐refutation. He requires his students to recognise that Stoicism requires complete commitment to the wish to live free from error. He divides his curriculum into three stages: ’desires and aversions’, ’appropriate actions’, and ’advanced logic’, emphasizing the need to master the first of these before going on to the others. In his self‐presentation, he distances himself from capitalized Philosophers, much as Plato distances Socrates from the Sophists.

Keywords:   aversions, commitment, desires, empiricism, eudaimonism, Rationality, scepticism, self‐refutation, sophism

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