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The Rise of New LabourParty Policies and Voter Choices$
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Anthony F. Heath, Roger M. Jowell, and John K. Curtice

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199245116

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199245118.001.0001

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Labour's Long Road Back

Labour's Long Road Back

Chapter:
(p.101) 6 Labour's Long Road Back
Source:
The Rise of New Labour
Author(s):

Anthony F. Heath (Contributor Webpage)

Roger M. Jowell (Contributor Webpage)

John K. Curtice (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199245118.003.0006

The authors analyse the long process of modernization of the Labour party that had its origins in Neil Kinnock's period as a leader of the party between 1983 and 1992 and that culminated in Labour's victory in the 1997 general election. Heath, Jowell, and Curtice draw the conclusion that on the non‐economic issues such as disarmament, Europe, and devolution, Tony Blair's New Labour was merely a continuation of Neil Kinnock's policy. It was Neil Kinnock not Tony Blair who had made the radical break with Labour's recent past. However, on economic issues New Labour made a clearer break with its Old Labour inheritance—on nationalization, unions, government spending, and taxation, New Labour adopted many Thatcherite precepts. The decisive move of New Labour towards the centre on the economic issues, did have major electoral benefits because it squeezed the Liberal Democrats’ share of the vote on the centre‐left, but it also captured ground on the centre‐right from the Conservatives. New Labour's move to the centre also disrupted the usual patterns of vote‐switching; more Conservatives than usual switching directly to Labour rather than to the Liberal Democrats.

Keywords:   Tony Blair, centre ground, economic issues, Neil Kinnock, Liberal Democrats, modernization, New Labour, non‐economic issues, Old Labour, Thatcherism, vote‐switching

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