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Northern Ireland and the Divided WorldPost-Agreement Northern Ireland in Comparative Perspective$
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John McGarry

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199244348

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199244340.001.0001

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The Northern Ireland Agreement: Clear Consociational, and Risky

The Northern Ireland Agreement: Clear Consociational, and Risky

Chapter:
(p.89) 4 The Northern Ireland Agreement: Clear Consociational, and Risky
Source:
Northern Ireland and the Divided World
Author(s):

Donald L. Horowitz

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199244340.003.0004

Horowitz's chapter is critical of the consociational aspects of Northern Ireland's Agreement. It views the ‘grand coalition’ executive at the heart of the Agreement as unwieldy because it includes the extremes, particularly Sinn Fein. The chapter describes the commitments contained in the Agreement as maximalists, and argues that these commitments will rebound, when they are not delivered, to the advantage of militants. Horowitz prefers, for Northern Ireland and elsewhere, what he calls an ‘incentives’ approach. The likeliest and most stable coalition resulting from this is one that includes moderates and excludes militants.

Keywords:   Agreement, coalitions, consociation, grand coalition, incentives, maximalism, militants, moderates, Sinn Fein

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