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Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 2: International and Transnational Factors$
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Jan Zielonka and Alex Pravda

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199244096

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/019924409X.001.0001

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Poland: Compatibility of External and Internal Democratic Designs

Poland: Compatibility of External and Internal Democratic Designs

Chapter:
(p.311) 11 Poland: Compatibility of External and Internal Democratic Designs
Source:
Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 2: International and Transnational Factors
Author(s):

Antoni Z. Kamiński

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/019924409X.003.0012

Points out the remarkable progress in Poland in its transition to market capitalism and liberal democracy was due in part to support from Western governments and international institutions as well as to Poland's historical compatibility with the Euro‐Atlantic liberal‐democratic political and economic order. In order to assess the role of international factors in the development of democratic consolidation, this chapter examines four areas of change in the years following the breakthrough of 1989: (1) the economic stabilization programme known as ‘Balcerowicz Programme’; (2) Poland's foreign policy reorientation; (3) civilian control over the military; and (4) the reorganization of the Polish State. The chapter also examines the determinants of domestic responses to external factors, including the limited number of such actors, a well defined set of expectations, good understanding of the problems faced by internal political actors, and a willingness of internal policy makers to adopt, and the support of domestic public opinion.

Keywords:   Balcerowicz Programme, democratic consolidation, economic stabilization, foreign policy, liberal democracy, market capitalism, military, Poland, public opinion, state

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