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Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 1: Institutional Engineering$
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Jan Zielonka

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199244089

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199244081.001.0001

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Estonia: Positive and Negative Institutional Engineering

Estonia: Positive and Negative Institutional Engineering

Chapter:
(p.111) 4 Estonia: Positive and Negative Institutional Engineering
Source:
Democratic Consolidation in Eastern Europe Volume 1: Institutional Engineering
Author(s):

Vello Pettai

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199244081.003.0004

Outlines Estonia's path to a new constitution along with an assessment of the new institutions in place since 1992. Because of constant political conflict, Pettai argues that the constitution‐making process was essential for creating the basis for conflict resolution and democratic consolidation. The chapter describes how Estonian leaders grappled with important aspects of their new democracy, including fundamental rights and duties, social welfare rights, judicial and constitutional review, the relationship between the president and the parliament, local government, minorities, and non‐citizens. Special attention is paid to the presidentialism versus parliamentarism debate. The author argues that institutional engineering enabled Estonia's leaders to secure its statehood and contributed to its economic development, European integration, and social progress.

Keywords:   conflict resolution, constitution, constitutional review, democratic consolidation, Estonia, European integration, institutional engineering, parliamentarism, presidentialism, statehood

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