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Europe UndividedDemocracy, Leverage, and Integration After Communism$
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Milada Anna Vachudova

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780199241194

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2005

DOI: 10.1093/0199241198.001.0001

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Liberal and Illiberal Democracy After Communism

Liberal and Illiberal Democracy After Communism

(p.25) 2 Liberal and Illiberal Democracy After Communism
Europe Undivided

Milada Anna Vachudova (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

The empirical variation between the political trajectories of Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic, on the one hand, and Romania, Bulgaria, and Slovakia, on the other, is striking in the early 1990s. The presence or absence of an opposition to communism strong enough to take and hold power in 1989 put the first group of states on the road to liberal democracy, and the second group on the road to illiberal democracy. This chapter compares the two groups of states in three areas: the nature of the opposition to communism and of the regime change in 1989; the political, economic, and national policies of the first post-communist governments; and the quality of the left alternative available to voters after1989.

Keywords:   communism, communist parties, concentration of power, corruption, dissidents, economic crisis, ethnic geography, ethnic nationalism, foreign direct investment, opposition, regime change, rent-seeking, shock therapy

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