Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Politics of Labor in a Global AgeContinuity and Change in Late-Industrializing and Post-Socialist Economies$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Christopher Candland and Rudra Sil

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199241149

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199241147.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 26 May 2019

Transition, Globalization, and Changing Industrial Relations in China

Transition, Globalization, and Changing Industrial Relations in China

Chapter:
(p.181) 7 Transition, Globalization, and Changing Industrial Relations in China
Source:
The Politics of Labor in a Global Age
Author(s):

Xiaobo Lu

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199241147.003.0007

For nearly three decades, industrial relations in the People's Republic of China were characterized by what were common in state socialist systems—an economy dominated by state‐owned enterprises, employee dependence on the enterprise, state‐controlled union organizations, and relative labour peace. Despite sporadic working class protests in PRC history since 1949, there were no organized labour movements. Labour disputes were usually described as ‘contradictions between different parts of the same organization’ by the communist authorities. With the economic reforms launched in 1979, Chinese industrial relations entered a period of change. This chapter proceeds on the premise that political choices as well as institutional legacies of the past, in state socialist countries such as China, affect the sequence and methods of transformation of industrial relations. It aims at laying out some basic features of industrial relations under state socialist regimes and in transition economies with a focus on China. It argues that although the internationalization of the Chinese economy has had a major impact over the past decade, the character and direction of change in Chinese industrial relations is best understood within the framework of the general transition from state socialism to market socialism. Neither the changing international political economy nor the transition from state socialism has diminished the significant role of the state in redefining and managing industrial relations. The pace, scope, and sequence of changes in industrial relations are thus determined not only by choices by key factors responding to a global economy but also significantly by structural constraints derived from the entrenched danwei (work‐unit) system that stood at the core of the pre‐reform Chinese industry.

Keywords:   China, danwei, economic reform, industrial relations, labour movement, market socialism, state socialism, state‐owned enterprises, trade unions

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .