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Communities and Markets in Economic Development$
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Masahiko Aoki and Yujiro Hayami

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199241019

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2004

DOI: 10.1093/0199241015.001.0001

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The Two Paths of Agrarian System Evolution in the Philippine Rice Bowl

The Two Paths of Agrarian System Evolution in the Philippine Rice Bowl

Chapter:
(p.70) 3 The Two Paths of Agrarian System Evolution in the Philippine Rice Bowl
Source:
Communities and Markets in Economic Development
Author(s):

Yujiro Hayami

Masao Kikuchi

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199241015.003.0003

This chapter analyses the emergence of two distinct agrarian systems in major rice-producing provinces in Luzon Island, Philippines. These are the large hacienda system characterized by the management hierarchy for supervising a large number of tenants in Inner Central Luzon, and the relatively small-scale landlordism wherein landlords and tenants were tied by a patron-client bond. These agrarian systems evolved despite basic similarities in economic conditions such as ecological conditions for rice production, market access, colonial history, and post-independent government policies such as land reform.

Keywords:   agrarian systems, Luzon, Philippines, rice, hacienda, landlord and tenant

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