Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Politics of Memory and Democratization$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Alexandra Barahona De Brito, Carmen Gonzalez Enriquez, and Paloma Aguilar

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199240906

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199240906.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 24 July 2019

De‐Communization and Political Justice in Central and Eastern Europe

De‐Communization and Political Justice in Central and Eastern Europe

Chapter:
(p.218) 7 De‐Communization and Political Justice in Central and Eastern Europe
Source:
The Politics of Memory and Democratization
Author(s):

Carmen González‐Enríquez

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0199240906.003.0008

An exploration is made of the nature and scope of de-communization and political justice in Czechoslovakia (the Czech Republic, Slovakia), Albania, Bulgaria, Romania, Poland and Hungary, to each of which a section of the chapter is devoted. The term ‘political justice’ is here meant to refer to proceedings held to try crimes (generally related to political repression) committed by outgoing regimes. With the exception of Albania, transitions to democracy in these countries were initiated in 1989, and in all cases, great political tensions arose from demands for the punishment of former communist authorities and those responsible for political repression. These demands formed part of a wider political and cultural process, namely the reworking of public discourse on the nature of the communist regime, and their nature and results varied considerably from country to country; for example, only two – the former Czechoslovakia and Albania – actually carried out purges that affected large numbers of people. This chapter attempts to answer to two main questions: (1) what explains the differences in the scope and nature of the policies adopted, and (2) what impact have they had on the process of democratization. The focus is on the rationality of the political actors or the role that anti-communist campaigns had in shaping political competition, rather than the moral and legal debates surrounding the issue.

Keywords:   Albania, Bulgaria, case studies, Central Europe, communist authorities, crimes, Czech Republic, Czechoslovakia, de-communization, democratization, Eastern Europe, Hungary, Poland, political justice, punishment, purges, repression, Romania, Slovakia, transitional democracy, transitional policies

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .