Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Politics of Memory and Democratization$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Alexandra Barahona De Brito, Carmen Gonzalez Enriquez, and Paloma Aguilar

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199240906

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0199240906.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 08 July 2020

Justice, Politics, and Memory in the Spanish Transition

Justice, Politics, and Memory in the Spanish Transition

(p.92) 3 Justice, Politics, and Memory in the Spanish Transition
The Politics of Memory and Democratization

Paloma Aguilar (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

In all processes of political change the emerging regime must face the difficult task of deciding what to do with the legacies of the former dictatorship, which people were working for the previous civil and military administration preserve, and whether or not to put on trial those responsible for having violated human rights under the previous regime. This chapter analyses what was done, and what was deliberately put aside in the Spanish case. The Spanish transition to democracy has been praised as mainly exemplary, and as demonstrating success in the stabilization of the new democratic regime. However, the final positive result should not obscure the fact that, because of the correlation of forces of the transitional period, and also because of the traumatic collective memory of the Spanish civil war, the victims of the Francoist repression were not properly rehabilitated and the dictatorship was not condemned in the Spanish parliament until 2002. In fact, a very broad Amnesty Law was passed in 1977 that not only allowed all ETA prisoners to get out of jail, but also impeded the judicial revision of the dictatorial past. None of these limitations have impeded the consolidation of democracy in Spain, but some important sectors of society feel that justice has not been done, which explains the very recent political, social and even cultural initiatives to face the authoritarian past.

Keywords:   amnesty, collective memory, dictatorship, ETA, Francoism, Francoist regime, human rights, judicial revision, justice, legacies, political change, rehabilitation, Spain, Spanish Amnesty Law, Spanish civil war, Spanish transition to democracy, transition to democracy, trauma, victims

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .