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The Inequality of Pay$
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Henry Phelps Brown

Print publication date: 1979

Print ISBN-13: 9780198851202

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198851200.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 05 June 2020

The Problem

The Problem

Chapter:
(p.1) 1 The Problem
Source:
The Inequality of Pay
Author(s):

Henry Phelps Brown

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0198851200.003.0001

This is an introductory chapter. The first three main sections outline the growth of interest in the inequality of pay, the economist's approach to pay determination, and the sociologist's approach to pay determination. The fourth section discusses the practical issue of whether differences in pay can be reduced substantially and generally on conditions not in themselves acceptable. Sociologists hold that there is nothing in the nature of things to prevent this, while most economists would rejoin that the imposition of pay equalization would bring about disruptive consequences that could only be contained by non‐egalitarian measures. The last section of the chapter outlines the plan of the book, which is in two main sections: inequality of pay presents itself in two main aspects, differences between the average pay in different occupations (pay structure), which are addressed in Chs. 2–7, and the distribution of individual earnings, which is addressed in Chs. 8–9; Ch. 10 brings together the main findings that have been reached in these two ways.

Keywords:   economic theory, equality, income distribution, inequality, occupation, pay, pay determination, pay equality, pay inequality, pay structure, sociological theory

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