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Development Microeconomics$
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Pranab Bardhan and Christopher Udry

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198773719

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198773714.001.0001

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Trade and Development

Trade and Development

Chapter:
(p.182) 14 Trade and Development
Source:
Development Microeconomics
Author(s):

Pranab Bardhan (Contributor Webpage)

Christopher Udry (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0198773714.003.0014

Starts with an illustration of the effect of growth on the terms of trade between a rich and a poor country, using a simple comparative‐static framework. Next, we study the pro‐competitive effects of trade liberalization in inputs with a model in which an import‐substituting upstream industry supplies an intermediate good to the producers of the final good. With imperfect competition and scale economies among upstream firms, the model has multiple equilibria, and trade liberalization may trigger an expansion to the higher output equilibrium. The next section is about the effects of trade on economic development as analyzed in endogenous growth theory, with its focus on learning‐by‐doing, dynamic learning spillovers, and trade‐induced technological patterns in growth. This section includes a model of North–South trade that endogenizes comparative advantage and the direction of technological specialization.

Keywords:   imperfect competition, import substitution, learning spillovers, learning‐by‐doing, North –South Trade, scale economies, technological change, terms‐of‐trade, trade liberalization

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