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The Soviet Elite from Lenin to GorbachevThe Central Committee and its Members 1917-1991$
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Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198297383

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198297386.001.0001

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Challenge and Crisis, 1985–1991

Challenge and Crisis, 1985–1991

Chapter:
(p.195) 6 Challenge and Crisis, 1985–1991
Source:
The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev
Author(s):

Evan Mawdsley (Contributor Webpage)

Stephen White (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0198297386.003.0006

There were high levels of turnover in the Central Committee during the Gorbachev years, reflecting the new leader's conviction that the renewal of party and government officials was essential to the achievement of perestroika. The composition of the Central Committee elite changed in parallel as the job‐slot system was modified and then abandoned. Figures of the ‘third generation’, born in the 1920s and 1930s, were able to advance to membership at this time, including the Ukrainian regional first secretary V. E. Dobrik and the communications industry minister E. K. Pervyshin. A few were from the ‘fourth generation’, such as Komsomol leader V. M. Mishin. Meetings of the Central Committee itself became more frequent and substantive, but it reflected widening differences within the party and failed to provide a mechanism through which its members could exercise effective control over party policy or over the leadership that spoke in their name.

Keywords:   Central Committee, V. E. DobrikGorbachev, Mikhail, jobs, Komsomol, leadership, V. M. Mishin, party policy, perestroika, E. K. Pervyshin

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