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The Multiculturalism of Fear$
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Jacob T. Levy

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198297123

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198297122.001.0001

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The Multiculturalism of Fear

The Multiculturalism of Fear

Chapter:
(p.19) 1 The Multiculturalism of Fear
Source:
The Multiculturalism of Fear
Author(s):

Jacob T. Levy (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/0198297122.003.0002

A liberal political theory, which is centrally concerned with preventing political violence, cruelty, and institutional humiliation, one that draws on Montesquieu, was named ‘the liberalism of fear’ by Judith Shklar. Such a liberalism must come to terms with the facts of multiculturalism, since ethnic and nationalist conflicts are among the most important sources of those evils. Such a liberalism of fear is a useful normative theory for thinking about multiculturalism and ethnic conflict, preferable to a multiculturalism of recognition, a multiculturalism of rights, and consociational pluralism. Political theories that are chiefly concerned with avoiding evils need not be liberal, and liberalism need not have that character; but a liberalism of fear is particularly well suited to the analysis of multiculturalism.

Keywords:   consociationalism, cruelty, ethnic conflict, liberalism of fear, Montesquieu, multiculturalism, nationalism, recognition, rights, Judith Shklar

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