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The Road To MaastrichtNegotiating Economic and Monetary Union$
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Kenneth Dyson and Kevin Featherstone

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198296386

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/019829638X.001.0001

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Framing EMU as a New Vincolo Esterno: Policy Entrepreneurs, Co‐Ordination, and Reflection in Italy, 1988–1990

Framing EMU as a New Vincolo Esterno: Policy Entrepreneurs, Co‐Ordination, and Reflection in Italy, 1988–1990

Chapter:
(p.485) 11 Framing EMU as a New Vincolo Esterno: Policy Entrepreneurs, Co‐Ordination, and Reflection in Italy, 1988–1990
Source:
The Road To Maastricht
Author(s):

Kenneth Dyson (Contributor Webpage)

Kevin Featherstone (Contributor Webpage)

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/019829638X.003.0012

Domestically, elites and the mass public were so united in giving high priority to maintaining Italy's position in ‘Europe’ that its substance elicited little public debate. Yet, the demands of the EMU negotiations challenged the traditional diffuseness of state administration and the mores of the partitocrazia. Thus, a window of opportunity appeared for technocratic policy leadership over the EMU negotiations. A small nucleus of officials within the core executive acted in relative isolation as policy entrepreneurs. Especially at the start, the policy style was essentially reactive but it came to display clarity, coherence, and consistency in the positions adopted. Paradoxically, a ‘weak’ state displayed strong policy coordination.

Keywords:   Giulio Andreotti, Guido Carli, Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, core executive, Italy, Gianni De Michelis, policy coordination, policy entrepreneurship, policy leadership, Tommaso Padoa‐Schioppa

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