Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
In The Name of LiberalismIlliberal Social Policy in the USA and Britain$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Desmond King

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780198296294

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198296290.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 29 May 2020

‘A Second Chance, not a Way of Life’: Welfare as Workfare in the USA

‘A Second Chance, not a Way of Life’: Welfare as Workfare in the USA

(p.258) 8 ‘A Second Chance, not a Way of Life’: Welfare as Workfare in the USA
In The Name of Liberalism

Desmond King (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

King discusses the history and politics of workfare in the US, the practice of requiring work activity in exchange for welfare benefits. He analyses the late nineteenth‐century Poor Law deterrent traditions as well as the post‐1960s shifts to modern contractualist workfare, which culminated in the 1996 Personal Responsibility Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act. Within this discussion, King examines the influence of an English institutional inheritance as well as American cultural attitudes towards welfare as expressed in public opinion surveys strongly marked by racial cleavages and perceptions of dependency. King argues that modern American workfare programmes are not driven solely by pragmatic needs or electoral pressures, but rather by moralistic concerns about failing to work along with the prevailing view that welfare harmfully fosters dependency amongst its recipients.

Keywords:   contractualism, cultural attitudes, dependency, Personal Opportunity Work Reconciliation Act, public opinion, racial cleavages, USA, welfare, workfare

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .