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The Third World Beyond the Cold WarContinuity and Change$
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Louise Fawcett and Yezid Sayigh

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780198295518

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2003

DOI: 10.1093/0198295510.001.0001

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Africa After the Cold War

Africa After the Cold War

Frozen out or Frozen in Time?

(p.134) 7 Africa After the Cold War
The Third World Beyond the Cold War

Keith Somerville

Oxford University Press

The end of the cold war removed what Acharya (in Ch. 4) has called a 'structural element in the international framework facing the developing countries’, i.e. the global competition between the superpowers and the consequent search for allies/proxies in the developing world. But the end of competition meant a decisive change in Western policy towards developing countries, particularly the poorest of the poor in Africa: they could no longer expect to be able to use their strategic position, mineral resources, or political support in regional conflicts as bargaining chips with the superpowers. Against the background of these structural changes the effects are examined of the end of the cold war on three specific areas, which profoundly effect Africa's current political, economic, and social development: (1) the international environment within which African states operate; (2) the effects of structural change in this environment on the evolution of African political systems; and (3) the consequences of the changes for continental and regional security and the prevention or solution of regional conflicts.

Keywords:   Africa, cold war, conflict, developing countries, economic growth, global competition, political change, political systems, poverty, security, social change, social development, structural change

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